PayPal is available in Israel  but is not available in the Palestinian territories. This decision has prompted Palestinian tech companies to seek a policy change from PayPal. In late March , new Japanese banking regulations forced PayPal Japan to suspend the ability of personal account holders registered in Japan from sending or receiving money between individuals and as a result are now subject to PayPal's business fees on all transactions.
In Pakistan, users can use Xoom , a money transfer service owned by PayPal. The government of Pakistan is trying to convince PayPal administration to launch its service in the country, but PayPal is not ready to introduce its services there.
Eight years after the company first started operating in the country, Paypal ceased operations in Turkey on 6 June when Turkish financial regulator BDDK denied it a payment license. The regulators had demanded that PayPal's data centers be located inside Turkey to facilitate compliance with government and court orders to block content and to generate tax revenue.
PayPal said that the closure will affect tens of thousands of businesses and hundreds of thousands of consumers in Turkey. In March , PayPal expanded its services for Ukrainian accounts, allowing them to send and receive money from friends and family. Previously, PayPal users in Ukraine could only send money internationally from their accounts, not receive it.
PayPal Giving Fund is a registered charity supported by PayPal that streamlines donations to non-profit organizations. PayPal launches different marketing activities in various channels and emphasizes that consumers can use it in different ways. PayPal provides free analytics to traders about the ways that consumers utilize online payments. PayPal's code gathers the consumer information which can be installed on the trader's website. Thiel, a founder of PayPal, has stated that PayPal is not a bank because it does not engage in fractional-reserve banking.
In the United States, PayPal is licensed as a money transmitter , on a state-by-state basis. Ordinarily, a credit card transaction, specifically the relationship between the issuing bank and the cardholder, is governed by the Truth in Lending Act TILA 15 U. Basically, unless a PayPal transaction is funded with a credit card, the consumer has no recourse in the event of fraud by the seller. In , PayPal Europe was granted a Luxembourg banking license, which, under European Union law, allows it to conduct banking business throughout the EU.
This ceased in , when the company moved to Luxembourg. In India, as of January , PayPal has no cross-border money transfer authorization. It is also owned by eBay. In Australia, PayPal is licensed as an authorised deposit-taking institution ADI and is thus subject to Australian banking laws and regulations. In Singapore, PayPal is the holder of a stored value facility that does not require the approval of the Monetary Authority of Singapore. The PayPal Buyer Protection Policy states that the customer may file a buyer complaint if he or she did not receive an item or if the item he or she purchased was significantly not as described.
The customer can open a dispute within days from the date of payment and escalate it to a claim within 20 days from opening the dispute. If the buyer used a credit card, he or she might get a refund via chargeback from his or her credit-card company. However, in the UK, where such a purchaser is entitled to specific statutory protections that the credit card company is a second party to the purchase and is therefore equally liable in law if the other party defaults or goes into liquidation under Section 75 Consumer Credit Act , the purchaser loses this legal protection if the card payment is processed via PayPal.
Also, the Financial Ombudsman Service for the U. This leaves consumers with no recourse to pursue their complaint with the Financial Ombudsman Service. They would only have recourse in the courts, but in any event they cannot because PayPal is incorporated in Luxembourg and, since the UK has left the EU, is now no longer within the jurisdiction of any UK Courts. This is a legal authority that section 75 protection does exist where one has paid on a credit card for a product, via an eMoney service.
In general, the Seller Protection Policy is intended to protect the seller from certain kinds of chargebacks or complaints if the seller meets certain conditions including proof of delivery to the buyer. PayPal states the Seller Protection Policy is "designed to protect sellers against claims by buyers of unauthorized payments and against claims of non-receipt of any merchandise".
The policy includes a list of "Exclusions" which itself includes "Intangible goods", "Claims for receipt of goods 'not as described ' ", and "Total reversals over the annual limit". The PayPal Seller Protection Policy does not provide the additional consumer protection afforded by UK consumer legislation most notably the Consumer Rights Act and in addition, it cannot be enforced in the Courts because PayPal operates from Luxembourg, outside all three of the UK legal jurisdictions.
In early , PayPal introduced an optional security key as an additional precaution against fraud. Account-holders enter their login ID and password as normal but are then prompted to enter a six-digit code provided by a credit card sized hardware security key or a text message sent to the account holder's mobile phone. For convenience, users may append the code generated by the hardware key to their password in the login screen.
This way they are not prompted for it on another page. This method is required for some services, such as when using PayPal through the eBay application on iPhone. This two-factor authentication is intended to make it difficult for an account to be compromised by a malicious third party without access to the physical security key, although it does not prevent the so-called Man in the Browser MITB attacks.
However, the user or malicious third party can alternatively authenticate by providing the credit card or bank account number listed on their account. Thus the PayPal implementation does not offer the security of true two-factor authentication.
As early as , PayPal had substantial problems with online fraud , especially international hackers who were hacking into PayPal accounts and transferring small amounts of money out of multiple accounts. Standard solutions for merchant and banking fraud might use government criminal sanctions to pursue the fraudsters.
But with PayPal losing millions of dollars each month to fraud while experiencing difficulties with using the FBI to pursue cases of international fraud, PayPal developed a fraud monitoring system to detect potentially fraudulent transactions. In , , Spanish card holders had their funds frozen in an apparent fraud case involving a PayPal service provider, Younique Money, which was the de facto administrator of the cards.
As of March most funds had not been returned. In , PayPal voluntarily ceased serving as a payment intermediary between gambling websites and their online customers. At the time of this cessation, it was the largest payment processor for online gambling transactions.
In , PayPal resumed accepting such transactions, but only in those countries where online gambling is legal, and only for sites which are properly licensed to operate in said jurisdictions. Since at least , PayPal has maintained an Acceptable Use policy which disallows "transactions involving In , PayPal notified subscription service provider Patreon that it was moving to cease integration with Patreon as a platform as the result of Patreon permitting "adult content" on their platform.
Patreon subsequently removed access to PayPal services for creators who produced sexual content. If an account is subject to fraud or unauthorized use, PayPal puts the "Limited Access" designation on the account.
PayPal has had several notable cases in which the company has frozen the account of users such as Richard Kyanka , owner of the website Something Awful , in September ,  Cryptome in March ,    or April Winchell , the owner of Regretsy , in December The account was reinstated, and PayPal apologized and donated to her cause. Persson stated publicly that he had not received a clear explanation of why the account was frozen, and that PayPal was threatening to keep the money if they found anything wrong.
PayPal's partner MasterCard ceased taking donations to WikiLeaks in , and PayPal also suspended, and later permanently restricted, payments to the website after the U. State Department said WikiLeaks was engaged in illegal activities. Online supporters and activists retaliated by subjecting PayPal and MasterCard, along with other companies, to coordinated cyber attacks. In February , PayPal unbanned the account of a website that supports Iraq War resisters after it had enough information to fulfill its know your customer guidelines.
The Chelsea Manning Support Network claimed the backdown was a reaction to a petition to the company to reinstate the account. In May , PayPal declined to pay a reward offered in its Bug Bounty Program  to a year-old German student who had reported a cross-site scripting flaw on its site. In August , entrepreneurs who had used PayPal to collect the funds they raised on crowdfunding platforms like Kickstarter and Indiegogo reported difficulty in being able to withdraw the money.
In May , PayPal blocked the account of a Russian human rights organisation "RosUznik", which supported political prisoners arrested at Bolotnaya Square. As of January , a class-action lawsuit against PayPal has been filed in Israel,  claiming that they arbitrarily froze accounts and held funds for up to days without paying interest and thereby directly profited from it. In the examples given in the lawsuit, PayPal had received complaints against small vendors which were later resolved, but the PayPal account was closed.
The lawsuit requests that PayPal be declared a monopoly and thus regulated accordingly. In May , PayPal blocked an account intended to raise money for the distribution of Boris Nemtsov 's report " Putin. War ". By , ConsumerAffairs had received over 1, consumer reviews of PayPal, resulting in an overall satisfaction rating of one star out of five for the company.
In February , PayPal froze the account of News Media Canada , a Canadian trade association , in response to a payment from The Reminder , a Flin Flon , Manitoba community newspaper , intended to cover the fee for the Reminder's submission of articles for consideration in a nationwide journalism contest run by News Media Canada, including one discussing Syrian refugees.
PayPal cited United States regulations as a reason for flagging the transaction between Canadian entities. In September , PayPal banned radio host Alex Jones and his website InfoWars , claiming that his site has content that was hateful and discriminatory against certain religious groups. PayPal discontinued payments to Pornhub models on November 14, ,  alleging that "Pornhub has made certain business payments through PayPal without seeking our permission".
In September , PayPal issued new terms of service which introduced a fee for inactive accounts in 19 countries. PayPal sent its clients an e-mail about the updated terms, but didn't mention introducing such a fee. PayPal faced criticism over their policies related to changing the name on a users account. Critics cited the complicated system involved in changing names, which require legal and government-issued identification. This system has been seen as impacting transgender users, who find trouble in using preferred names and pronouns.
In July , PayPal announced a plan to collaborate with the Anti-Defamation League 's Center on Extremism, the League of United Latin American Citizens , and several other nonprofits to analyze its users' transactions in order to investigate the finances of extremist and hate groups in the United States and share the results with law enforcement, policymakers, and other financial corporations;    the ADL's CEO, Jonathan Greenblatt , stated that this initiative is meant to help "mitigat[e] extremist threats"  and to "help disrupt those activities.
In May , Branko Marcetic wrote in Jacobin magazine that PayPal had cancelled the accounts of a number of left-wing media sites and frozen their funds. PayPal gave no explanation for its action, but the article linked the cancellations with the media sites' criticism of US policy in relation to the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Marcetic wrote that the freezing of Wikileaks' account over a decade earlier had provided a precedent for PayPal's action. Most of the allegations concerned PayPal's dispute resolution procedures.
The two lawsuits were merged into one class-action lawsuit In re: PayPal litigation. An informal settlement was reached in November , and a formal settlement was signed on June 11, PayPal denied any wrongdoing. In June , Stamps. In a license agreement, Stamps. PayPal Inc. They sued, alleging illegal misappropriation of customer accounts and detailed their customer service experiences, including freezing deposited funds for up to days until disputes were resolved by PayPal.
PayPal argued that the plaintiffs were required to arbitrate their disputes under the American Arbitration Association 's Commercial Arbitration Rules. The court ruled against PayPal, stating that "the User Agreement and arbitration clause are substantively unconscionable under California law.
The claimants accused PayPal of deliberately failing to notify its customers that ICC-Cal was illegally charging them for currency conversion fees. A class-action lawsuit filed in was settled in , in which the plaintiffs contested PayPal's "holds" on funds. PayPal which has yet to be ratified. As part of the settlement, the company agreed to change some of its policies.
It alleged that PayPal had promised discounts and payment options the consumers never received, and that users trying to sign up for the regular, non-credit, PayPal accounts were signed up for credit accounts instead. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American multinational financial technology company. For the method, see Measuring programming language popularity.
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September 27, Retrieved March 1, November 5, Archived from the original on October 17, Austin Business Journal. October 19, In , Berkshire Hathaway purchased the Buffalo Evening News and resumed publication of a Sunday edition of the paper that had ceased in After the morning newspaper Buffalo Courier-Express ceased operation in , the Buffalo Evening News changed its name to The Buffalo News and began to print morning and evening editions.
It now prints only a morning edition. The company began its BH Media Group subsidiary with a purchase of the Omaha World-Herald in December ,  which included six other daily newspapers and several weeklies across Nebraska and southwest Iowa. As of March [update] , BH Media owned 28 daily and 42 non-daily newspapers. Berkshire Hathaway Energy 's HomeServices of America see complete list of companies is a residential real estate brokerage firm based in Minneapolis, Minnesota , and founded in HomeServices has operations in 28 states and over 22, sales associates.
By the end of Berkshire Hathaway entered the residential real estate brokerage sector under the name of HomeServices of America. Berkshire's other investments tied to real estate include Clayton Homes , which makes manufactured housing. In , Berkshire acquired Albecca Inc. Albecca is headquartered in Norcross, Georgia, and primarily does business under the Larson-Juhl name.
Albecca designs, manufactures, and distributes custom framing products, including wood and metal molding, matboard, foamboard, glass, equipment, and other framing supplies. CTB, headquartered in Milford, Indiana, is a designer, manufacturer, and marketer of systems used in the grain industry and in the production of poultry, hogs, and eggs. Products are produced in the United States and Europe and are sold primarily through a global network of independent dealers and distributors, with peak sales occurring in the second and third quarters.
Berkshire acquired McLane Company , Inc. McLane provides wholesale distribution and logistics services in all 50 states and internationally in Brazil to customers that include discount retailers, convenience stores, quick-service restaurants, drug stores and movie theatre complexes. In , Scott Fetzer Companies, a diversified group of 32 brands that manufactures and distributes a significant number of products for residential, industrial, and institutional use, was acquired.
Today, Campbell Hausfeld is no longer held by Scott Fetzer, having been sold to Marmon, also a Berkshire subsidiary in Headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas , TTI is the largest distributor specialist of passive, interconnect, and electromechanical components. TTI's extensive product line includes; resistors, capacitors, connectors, potentiometers, trimmers, magnetic and circuit protection components, wire and cable, identification products, application tools, and electromechanical devices.
Previously it was a privately held conglomerate owned by the Pritzker family for over fifty years, which owned and operated an assortment of manufacturing companies that produce railroad tank cars, shopping carts, plumbing pipes, metal fasteners, wiring and water treatment products used in residential construction.
On October 2, , Berkshire Hathaway Automotive, an auto dealership subsidiary, was created through the acquisition of Van Tuyl Group, the remaining largest auto dealer in the nation and independently owned up to that date. Berkshire Hathaway acquired Clayton Homes , a maker of modular homes, storage trailers, chassis, intermodal piggyback trailers and domestic containers.
Loan losses remain 3. As well as owning companies outright, Berkshire maintains a concentrated portfolio of equities and investments which has historically been managed by Warren Buffett. Buffett has spoken very highly of both in public interviews and in the letter to shareholders he described hiring them both as "one of my best moves".
Berkshire also received warrants to purchase In Berkshire Hathaway Inc. On March 25, , Berkshire Hathaway made its first foray  into the Indian insurance sector with its non-direct subsidiary BerkshireInsurance. Heinz Co. Berkshire owns 1.
On August 10, , the boards of directors of Berkshire Hathaway Inc. In the second quarter of , Berkshire added a position of more than 20 million shares in mining company Barrick Gold ,  and in the third quarter the company agreed to buy Dominion Energy's natural gas transmission and storage operations. On April 6, , Berkshire Hathaway disclosed in its regulatory filing that the company had bought million shares of HP Inc.
Buffett continued; "Yeah, I've been a fan, and I've been an idiot for not buying. But I want you to know it's no personality changes taking place. In May , it was revealed in a regulatory filing that Berkshire had acquired a stake in Apple Inc.
The initial position was for 9. By the end of June , this stake had increased to Berkshire then restarted buying Apple stock again between September to December. By December 31, , Berkshire had built up a stake of Aggressive stock purchases continued and by March 31, , Berkshire had amassed a stake of million shares 2. In the annual report, Berkshire Hathaway disclosed its total position by December 31, , to be million shares 3.
As of September 30, Berkshire owns 5. In media reports, Buffett says that Apple has developed an ecosystem and level of brand loyalty that provides it with a competitive moat, and that consumers appear to have a degree of price insensitivity when it comes to the iPhone. While Buffett has famously avoided tech stocks, he has said that Apple is a consumer products company and that he understands consumer products businesses. Berkshire previously held a considerable stake in Tesco Plc , the UK grocery retailer.
As Tesco's problems mounted through , Berkshire sold all the remaining shares with Buffett saying to shareholders that the delay in selling shares was costly. In , Berkshire surprised investors by making large equity investments in the major US airlines.
Buffett had previously described airlines as a "deathtrap for investors". Buffett had made an investment in US Airways in which, although he sold for a profit, almost lost Berkshire a substantial sum of money. Buffett himself has described this as a "call on the industry" rather than a choice in an individual company. American Airline's CEO Doug Parker is said to have won over Ted Weschler in arguing that the airline industry had consolidated sufficiently and rationalized supply such that longer-term profitability could be achieved in an industry that has historically been loss-making in aggregate.
In , Berkshire Hathaway disclosed that it has sold its remaining stakes with Wells Fargo during the first quarter. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American multinational conglomerate holding company. Kiewit Tower , the location of Berkshire's corporate offices in Omaha, Nebraska.
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Find My. Help charging. Get started. Transfer data to a new iPhone Watch a video on how to transfer information and content from your previous iPhone to your new iPhone with iCloud. Read about how to set up your iPhone Read about how to move from Android to iPhone.
Back up your data Back up your iPhone with iCloud or your computer in case your device is ever replaced, lost, or damaged. What can I ask Siri? Siri can help you do the things you do every day on any of your Apple devices. Do more with iPhone. Use Cinematic mode Shoot with shallow depth of field and automatically add elegant focus transitions between subjects.
Use FaceTime Stay connected and share experiences, make a video or audio call, enjoy Spatial Audio, and more. Use Focus Stay in the moment with a new set of tools that help you prioritize your time and attention. Share health data Share your information stored in the Health app with a family member or caregiver so it's easy for them to get a better view of your health. User Guide Learn about features and discover all that your iPhone can do. The iPhone does not support Flash , which was still popular when the iPhone was introduced.
The Maps application can access Google Maps in map, satellite , or hybrid form. It can also generate directions between two locations, while providing optional real-time traffic information. During the iPhone's announcement, Jobs demonstrated this feature by searching for nearby Starbucks locations and then placing a prank call to one with a single tap. The iPhone 3GS and iPhone 4 can orient the map with its digital compass.
Simple weather and stock quotes applications also tap into the Internet. According to Google , in , the iPhone generated 50 times more search requests than any other mobile handset. This is 30 times the use for our average contract-based consumer customers. With the introduction of the Verizon iPhone in January , the issue of using the internet while on the phone was brought to the public's attention.
Under the two U. For text input, the iPhone implements a virtual keyboard on the touchscreen. It has automatic spell checking and correction, predictive word capabilities, and a dynamic dictionary that learns new words. The keyboard can predict what word the user is typing and complete it, and correct for the accidental pressing of keys near the presumed desired key.
The keys are somewhat larger and spaced farther apart when in landscape mode , which is supported by only a limited number of applications. Touching a section of text for a brief time brings up a magnifying glass , allowing users to place the cursor in the middle of existing text. The virtual keyboard can accommodate 21 languages, including character recognition for Chinese.
Alternative characters with accents for example, letters from the alphabets of other languages and emoji can be typed from the keyboard by pressing the letter for two seconds and selecting the alternative character from the popup.
Since iOS 8, third party keyboards, distributed through the App Store, are allowed. Previously, they were only available on jailbroken iPhones. The iPhone also features an email program that supports HTML email , which enables the user to embed photos in an email message.
Apple has also licensed Microsoft ActiveSync and supports the platform including push email with the release of iPhone 2. Text messages are presented chronologically in a mailbox format similar to Mail, which places all text from recipients together with replies. Text messages are displayed in speech bubbles similar to iChat under each recipient's name. The iPhone has built-in support for email message forwarding, drafts, and direct internal camera-to-email picture sending.
Support for multi-recipient SMS was added in the 1. At WWDC on June 11, , Apple announced that the iPhone would support third-party web applications using Ajax that share the look and feel of the iPhone interface. It is a free download, with an Apple registration, that allows developers to develop native applications for the iPhone and iPod Touch, then test them in an "iPhone simulator".
However, loading an application onto a real device is only possible after paying an Apple Developer Connection membership fee. Developers can also opt to release the application for free and will not pay any costs to release or distribute the application beyond the membership fee.
Once a developer has submitted an application to the App Store, Apple holds firm control over its distribution. NetShare, another rejected app, would have enabled users to tether their iPhone to a laptop or desktop, using its cellular network to load data for the computer. As of October [update] , Apple has passed 60 billion app downloads. As of January [update] , the App Store has over 2. Starting with the iPhone 4S, Apple added an accessibility feature to optimize the function of the iPhone with hearing aids.
Made for iPhone hearing aids also feature Live Listen. With Live Listen the iPhone acts as a remote microphone that sends sound to a Made for iPhone hearing aid. Live Listen can help the user hear a conversation in a noisy room or hear someone speaking across the room. This program added support for more than 50 Bluetooth wireless braille displays that work with iOS out of the box. The user only needs to pair the keyboard to the device to start using it to navigate the iOS device with VoiceOver without any additional software.
It delivers both visual and vibrating alerts for incoming phone and FaceTime calls, new text messages, new and sent mail, and calendar events. Users can set an LED light flash for incoming calls and alerts or have incoming calls display a photo of the caller.
Users can choose from different vibration patterns or even create their own. The iPhone can enlarge text to make it more accessible for vision-impaired users,  and can accommodate hearing-impaired users with closed captioning and external TTY devices. With the release of iOS 9 for all iPhones, users have the ability to choose between two different screen view options. The user can choose to have a standard view or zoomed view.
When the iPhone is placed in a standard view setting, the icons are normal size and the text remains the same. With a zoomed view option, the icons on the screen and the text become slightly larger. This enables the user to have a more customized appearance and it can potentially help some users read the screen easier. AssistiveTouch helps to adapt the Multi-Touch screen of an iOS device to a user's unique physical needs.
This can be of great assistance to those who have difficulty with some gestures, like pinch, one can make them accessible with just a tap of a finger. The user can create their own gestures and customize the layout of the AssistiveTouch menu. If the user has trouble pressing the Home button, it can be set so that it can be activated with an onscreen tap. Gestures, like rotate and shake, are available even when if the iOS device is mounted on a wheelchair.
Guided Access helps people with autism or other attention and sensory challenges stay focused on the task or app at hand. With Guided Access, a parent, teacher, or therapist can limit an iOS device to stay on one app by disabling the Home button and limit the amount of time spent in an app. The user can restrict access to the keyboard or touch input on certain areas of the screen. In Apple began developing satellites so that the iPhone could skip wireless carriers.
The iPhone Upgrade Program is a month program designed for consumers to be able to get the latest iPhone every year, without paying the whole price up-front. The program consists of "low monthly payments", where consumers will gradually pay for the iPhone they have over a month period, with an opportunity to switch upgrade to the new iPhone after 12 months of payment have passed.
Once 12 months have passed, consumers can trade their current iPhone with a new one, and the payments are transferred from the old device to the new device, and the program "restarts" with a new month period. Criticism of the program includes the potential endless cycle of payments, with The Huffington Post ' s Damon Beres writing, "Complete the full month payment cycle, and you're stuck with an outdated phone. Upgrade every 12 months, and you'll never stop owing Apple money for iPhones".
Additionally, the program is limited to just the iPhone hardware; cell phone service from a network operator is not included. Apple has filed more than patent applications related to the technology behind the iPhone. On September 3, , Infogear filed for the U. In , Infogear filed an infringement claim against the owners of the iPhones. The intellectual property rights were granted to the owners of the iPhones. As of October , only the Singapore and Australian applications had been granted.
Comwave has been selling VoIP devices called iPhone since Shortly after Steve Jobs' January 9, , announcement that Apple would be selling a product called iPhone in June , Cisco issued a statement that it had been negotiating trademark licensing with Apple and expected Apple to agree to the final documents that had been submitted the night before. On February 2, , Apple and Cisco announced that they had agreed to temporarily suspend litigation while they held settlement talks,  and subsequently announced on February 20, , that they had reached an agreement.
Both companies will be allowed to use the "iPhone" name  in exchange for "exploring interoperability" between their security, consumer, and business communications products. Nokia alleges that Apple has been violating ten Nokia patents since the iPhone initial release. In August , Apple won a smartphone patent lawsuit in the U.
In March , an Apple patent for a wraparound display was revealed. Apple tightly controls certain aspects of the iPhone. According to Jonathan Zittrain , the emergence of closed devices like the iPhone have made computing more proprietary than early versions of Microsoft Windows. The hacker community has found many workarounds, most of which are disallowed by Apple and make it difficult or impossible to obtain warranty service.
SIM unlocking allows the iPhone to be used on a different carrier's network. Users can set restrictions or parental controls  on apps that can be downloaded or used within the iPhone. The restrictions area requires a password. The iPhone normally prevents access to its media player and web features unless it has also been activated as a phone with an authorized carrier. On July 3, , Jon Lech Johansen reported on his blog that he had successfully bypassed this requirement and unlocked the iPhone's other features with a combination of custom software and modification of the iTunes binary.
He published the software and offsets for others to use. Unlike the first generation iPhone, the iPhone 3G must be activated in the store in most countries. The need for in-store activation, as well as the huge number of first-generation iPhone and iPod Touch users upgrading to iPhone OS 2. After the update, devices were required to connect to Apple's servers to authenticate it, causing many devices to be temporarily unusable.
Users on the O2 network in the United Kingdom, however, can buy the phone online and activate it via iTunes as with the previous model. In the US, Apple has begun to offer free shipping on both the iPhone 3G and the iPhone 3GS when available , reversing the in-store activation requirement.
Best Buy and Walmart will also sell the iPhone. The iPhone's operating system is designed to only run software that has an Apple-approved cryptographic signature. This restriction can be overcome by "jailbreaking" the phone,  which involves replacing the iPhone's firmware with a slightly modified version that does not enforce the signature check. Doing so may be a circumvention of Apple's technical protection measures. In , , and , developers released a series of tools called JailbreakMe that used security vulnerabilities in Mobile Safari rendering to jailbreak the device which allows users to install any compatible software on the device instead of only App Store apps.
Theoretically these flaws could have also been used for malicious purposes. In July , Apple released iOS 4. Following the release of the iPhone 5S model, a group of German hackers called the Chaos Computer Club announced on September 21, , that they had bypassed Apple's new Touch ID fingerprint sensor by using "easy everyday means. The spokesman for the group stated: "We hope that this finally puts to rest the illusions people have about fingerprint biometrics.
It is plain stupid to use something that you can't change and that you leave everywhere every day as a security token. Most iPhones were and are still [ citation needed ] sold with a SIM lock , which restricts the use of the phone to one particular carrier, a common practice with subsidized GSM phones. Unlike most GSM phones, however, the phone cannot be officially unlocked by entering a code.
While the iPhone was initially sold in the U. Apple speculates that they were likely shipped overseas and unlocked also known as box breaking , a lucrative market before the iPhone 3G's worldwide release. Outside of the United States, policies differ, especially in U. They are locked to the network initially, though they can usually be unlocked either after a certain period of contract length has passed, or for a small fee with the exception of the 3 network, which will unlock the device at any time for no charge.
In Canada, all iPhones purchased for full retail price at an Apple Store or online at apple. Third-party methods to unlock iPhones existed but were highly unreliable and sometimes rendered phones unusable. In Australia, the three major carriers Optus , Telstra and Vodafone  [ unreliable source?
Internationally, policies vary, but many carriers sell the iPhone unlocked for full retail price. Apple takes numerous measures that make third-party repairs difficult. In the past with models as early as the iPhone 6 , there have been reports such as denial of operation if the home button is detected to have been tampered with, upon which an Error 53 is indicated instead. In more recent models starting with the iPhone XR , Apple displays non-removable warnings if the battery, display, or camera is replaced by a third party.
In Mexico , the trademark iFone was registered in by a communications systems and services company, iFone. The case began in , when the Mexican firm sued Apple. The Supreme Court of Mexico upheld that iFone is the rightful owner and held that Apple iPhone is a trademark violation. According to the filing, Gradiente foresaw the revolution in the convergence of voice and data over the Internet at the time. On December 18, , IGB launched its own line of Android smartphones under the tradename to which it has exclusive rights in the local market.
The "iPhone" term was registered by Gradiente in , seven years before Apple's release of its first iPhone. The court ruling determined that the Gradiente's registration does not own exclusive rights on the brand. Although Gradiente intended to appeal, with the decision Apple can use freely the brand without paying royalties to the Brazilian company. Stylized as "my phone", Solid Broadband filed a trademark application of that brand.
Apple lost the trademark battle to Solid Group in a decision made by IPO director Nathaniel Arevalo, who also reportedly said that it was unlikely that consumers would be confused between the "iPhone" and the "MyPhone". Around April 20, , a hidden unencrypted file on the iPhone and other iOS devices was widely discussed in the media. Previous versions of iOS stored similar information in a file called "h-cells.
F-Secure discovered that the data is transmitted to Apple twice a day and postulate that Apple is using the information to construct their global location database similar to the ones constructed by Google and Skyhook through wardriving. The file is also automatically copied onto the user's computer once synchronized with the iPhone. An open-source application named "iPhoneTracker", which turns the data stored in the file into a visual map, was made available to the public in April Apple gave an official response on their web site on April 27, ,  after questions were submitted by users, the Associated Press and others.
Apple clarified that the data is a small portion of their crowd-sourced location database cache of Wi-Fi hotspots and cell towers which is downloaded from Apple into the iPhone for making location services faster than with only GPS, therefore the data does not represent the locations of the iPhone.
The volume of data retained was an error. Apple issued an update for iOS version 4. The "Frequent Locations" feature found in "Settings" under "Location Services" stores commonly visited locations locally on the device. However, this feature also keeps track of the number of times that the user has been to that location, the dates, and the exact times. Media outlets have publicized instructions on how this can be disabled for concerned users.
A privacy experiment conducted by the Washington Post determined that the iPhone transmitted a host of personal data without the user's knowledge or consent, including phone number, email, exact location, device model and IP address , to "a dozen marketing companies, research firms and other personal data guzzlers" via 5, hidden app trackers.
We have also never allowed any government access to our servers. And we never will. Apple iOS in combination with their specific hardware uses crypto-shredding when activating the "Erase all content and settings" by obliterating all the keys in ' effaceable storage'. This renderes all user data on the device cryptographically inaccessible. The original iPhone has been described as "revolutionary",  a "game-changer" for the mobile phone industry,     and has been credited with helping to make Apple one of the world's most valuable publicly traded companies by The iPhone attracts users of all ages,  and besides consumer use, the iPhone has also been adopted for business purposes.
Before the release of the iPhone, handset manufacturers such as Nokia and Motorola were enjoying record sales of cell phones based more on fashion and brand rather than technological innovation. Phones at the time were designed around carrier and business limits which were conservative with regards to bandwidth usage and battery life. Apple's marketing, building on successful iPod campaigns, helped the phone become a mass-market product with many buyers on launch day.
Some market research has found that, compared to other products, a greater proportion of iPhone users are female. When then-CEO of Research in Motion Mike Lazaridis pried open an iPhone, his impression was of a Mac stuffed into a cellphone, as it used much more memory and processing power than the smartphones on the market at the time. The dominant mobile operating systems at the time such as Symbian , BlackBerry OS , and Windows Mobile were not designed to handle tasks beyond communication and basic functions.
These operating systems never focused on applications and developers, and due to infighting among manufacturers as well as the complexity of developing on their low-memory hardware, they never developed a thriving ecosystem like Apple's App Store or Android 's Google Play.
The iPhone's success has led to a decline in sales of high-end fashion phones and business-oriented smartphones such as Vertu and BlackBerry , as well as Nokia. It ultimately agreed to a technology-sharing deal and then a takeover from Microsoft. Before the iPhone, "Handsets were viewed largely as cheap, disposable lures, massively subsidized to snare subscribers and lock them into using the carriers' proprietary services.
By contrast, Google has allowed carriers and OEMs to dictate the "pace of upgrades and pre-load phones with their own software on top of Android ". As a result, many Android OEMs often lag months behind Google's release of the next iteration of Android; although Google Nexus and Pixel devices are guaranteed two years of operating system updates and a third additional year for security.
However, Apple has supported older iterations of iPhones for over four years. Apple sold 6. Numbers were lower in the first three quarters of until the fourth quarter surpassed sales of Q4 Apple's sales surpassed that of Research in Motion 's On March 2, , at the iPad 2 launch event, Apple announced that they had sold million iPhones worldwide. In the fourth quarter of , the iPhone 5 and iPhone 4S were the best-selling handsets with sales of According to Strategy Analytics' data, this was "an impressive performance, given the iPhone portfolio's premium pricing", adding that the Galaxy S III's global popularity "appears to have peaked" the Galaxy S III was touted as an iPhone-killer by some in the press when it was released  .
While Samsung has led in worldwide sales of smartphones, Apple's iPhone line has still managed to top Samsung's smartphone offerings in the United States,  with The continued top popularity of the iPhone despite growing Android competition was also attributed to Apple being able to deliver iOS updates over the air, while Android updates are frequently impeded by carrier testing requirements and hardware tailoring, forcing consumers to purchase a new Android smartphone to get the latest version of that OS.
Apple announced on September 1, , that its iPhone trade-in program would be implemented at all of its specialty stores in the US. For the program to become available, customers must have a valid contract and must purchase a new phone, rather than simply receive a credit to be used at a later date. A significant part of the program's goal is to increase the number of customers who purchase iPhones at Apple stores rather than carrier stores.
On September 20, , the sales date of the iPhone 5S and 5C models, the longest ever queue was observed at the New York City flagship Apple store, in addition to prominent queues in San Francisco, and Canada; however, locations throughout the world were identified for the anticipation of corresponding consumers.
Apple released its opening weekend sales results for the 5C and 5S models, showing an all-time high for the product's sales figures, with nine million handsets sold—the previous record was set in , when five million handsets were sold during the opening weekend of the 5 model.
This was the first time that Apple has simultaneously launched two models and the inclusion of China in the list of markets contributed to the record sales result. The store's high sales results have been attributed to the absence of a sales tax in the state of Delaware.
The finalization of a deal between Apple and China Mobile, the world's largest mobile network, was announced in late December The multi-year agreement provides iPhone access to over million China Mobile subscribers. In the first quarter of , Apple reported that it had sold 51 million iPhones, an all-time quarterly record, compared to On July 27, , Apple had announced that that have sold their 1 billionth iPhone.
During Apple's earnings call on January 27, , Tim Cook said that there are now 1 billion iPhones active. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Line of smartphones designed and marketed by Apple Inc. This article is about the line of smartphones by Apple. For the original iPhone, see iPhone 1st generation.
For other different types of iPhones and other uses, see iPhone disambiguation. The front face of an iPhone 13 Pro in Sierra Blue. Depends on model. Chips used. Bluetooth stereo speaker iPhone 7 and up microphone 3. Wi-Fi and Bluetooth. Built-in rechargeable lithium-ion battery. Main article: History of the iPhone. Coming soon. See also: Timeline of Apple Inc. Main article: iPhone hardware.
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. September Main articles: iOS and iOS version history. April Retrieved July 27, Touch Arcade. June 14, Retrieved June 13, June 24, Retrieved March 23, Retrieved January 14, Apple Inc. June 18, Archived from the original on May 21, Mac Rumors. Retrieved July 3, Technology Depot.
Retrieved December 8, EE Times. Archived from the original on June 6, Retrieved July 8, Retrieved June 10, Sorrel, Charlie June 10, Retrieved June 14, June 10, Retrieved September 9, November 2, Retrieved November 4, The Verge published June 13, Archived from the original on August 8, Retrieved October 25, Part 3".
Retrieved March 27, January 9, Archived from the original on February 13, Andrew Griffin. The Independent. February 18, Retrieved November 12, Business Insider. Retrieved June 5, Retrieved January 11, Retrieved January 10, Ars Technica. July 25, Archived from the original PDF on May 29, Retrieved June 6, Consists of iPhones and Apple-branded and third-party iPhone accessories. Retrieved September 27, The Economist.
July 5, Archived from the original on July 21, Retrieved April 12, NPD Group. June 22, Retrieved June 27, Nielsen Media Research. Archived from the original on June 14, Retrieved November 28, August 19, July 17, Apple's iPhone 4 Antennagate Timeline. Retrieved November 6, The Washington Post. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 24, Apple October 10, April 21, Archived from the original on January 11, Retrieved October 18, Retrieved September 6, February 2, Retrieved July 30, CBC News.
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The iPhone is the first smartphone we've tested with a real, computer-grade Web browser, a version of Apple's Safari. It displays entire Web pages, in their real layouts, and allows you to zoom in quickly by either tapping or pinching with your finger.
The Unofficial Apple Weblog. Retrieved May 1, Retrieved February 1, June 8, Archived from the original on June 12, Retrieved February 18, January 30, August 28, Retrieved November 10, The New York Times. Retrieved November 11, June 2, Retrieved January 25, Retrieved May 16, March 6, June 9, Archived from the original on May 1, Retrieved September 25, June 11, Archived from the original on October 18, Los Angeles Times.
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